Module 1 introduction to hiv/aids total time: 120 minutes session 1 scope of the hiv/aids pandemic activity/method time exercise 11 hope exercise: group discussion summary of information on local/national/regional. The aim of this course is to provide an introduction and overview of hiv epidemics both globally and specifically to different regions, as well as to introduce definitions and main concepts of public health surveillance, including the principles and concepts of hiv surveillance. Introduction in the early 1980s, the first recognized cases of the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (aids) occurred among homosexual men in the united states these men suddenly began to develop rare opportunistic infections and cancers that seemed stubbornly resistant to any treatment unit 1 - an introduction to hiv/aids:. Introduction to hiv and aids overview of the pandemic from the national library of medicine abridged by ce-classescom page 4 of 40 aids cases is no longer sufficient for projecting trends of the pandemic. Introduction to hiv/aids -origin, theories and history of the pandemic the origin of aids and hiv has puzzled scientists ever since the illness first came to light in the early 1980s.
Becky kuhn, md, co-founder of global lifeworks, covers critical basic information about hiv and aids hiv is a virus that causes the disease aids, which can be fatal there are treatments but no. Study session 20 introduction to hiv/aids introduction in parts 1 and 2 of this module, you learnt about the basic principles underlying the transmission, diagnosis, management and prevention of communicable diseases, and the application of this knowledge to vaccine-preventable diseases, malaria, tuberculosis and leprosy. Hiv and aids continues to be one of the biggest challenges faced by south africa today based on the department of health antenatal survey from october 2002, an estimated 53million south africans, including 189,000 babies, were living with hiv and aids. Module 1: introduction to hiv/aids prevention and treatment in rural communities since the beginning of the hiv/aids epidemic in the us, its impact on rural communities has continued to grow prevention and treatment efforts that increase access to quality care and support services are critical to address the hiv/aids crisis in rural communities.
Introduction maternal hiv testing and identification of perinatal hiv exposure these guidelines update the october 2016 perinatal guidelines the department of health and human services panel on treatment of pregnant women living with hiv and prevention of perinatal transmission (the panel), a working group of the office of aids research. Introduction to hiv, aids and sexually transmitted infection surveillance: module 2: surveillance of hiv risk behaviours / world health organization regional office for the eastern mediterranean, joint united nations programme on. An introduction to key issues about hiv treatment and living with hiv, presented as a series of illustrated leaflets booklets our award-winning series of booklets, with each title providing a comprehensive overview of one aspect of living with hiv.
Caring for patients with hiv/aids although there is not a cure, gaining an understanding of hiv/aids can increase the patient's chances of living a longer and healthier life there are many misconceptions about this serious virus including many believing that death is soon to follow. Hiv introduction topics: hiv, aids (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) is one of the worst pandemics the world has ever known hiv (human immunodeficiency virus) is the virus that causes aids was first discovered in a remote area of central africa it has since swept across the globe, infecting millions in a relatively short period of time. Hiv/aids is a serious infection hiv stands for human immunodeficiency virus it’s a virus that breaks down certain cells in your immune system (your body’s defense against diseases that helps you stay healthy. What are hiv and aids fast facts hiv is a virus that attacks the immune system, our body’s natural defence against illness if hiv is left untreated, a person’s immune system will get weaker and weaker until it can no longer fight off life-threatening infections and diseases.
Hiv (human immunodeficiency virus) is caused by a virus that attacks the human immune system by destroying white blood cells with the disease, the body is less able to fight off infection aids (acquired immune deficiency introduction to hiv/aids county of san diego. An introduction to hiv & aids the infection with the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (hiv-1) and the resulting disease acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (aids) continue to be a severe public health threat in the united states and throughout the world. Hiv, or human immunodeficiency virus, is the virus that causes aids (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) hiv attacks the immune system by destroying cd4 positive (cd4+) t cells, a type of white blood cell that is vital to fighting off infection.
Introduction of aids virus aids virus is 100 to 140 nm needles for boring pinnae its genetic material is in diameter and has a cylindrical core use of contaminated razors note : the sexual of transmission account for over 75% of infections using same toilettransmission of aids virus aids is only transmitted by a direct contact of. The first part of this chapter provides a basic overview of the origin of hiv/aids and the transmission and progression of the disease the second part of the chapter presents a summary of epidemiological data from the cdc. Introduction acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, also known as aids, is caused by human immunodeficiency virus (hiv)hiv damages body’s immune system by destroying white blood cells which help us to destroy invaded pathogens. Hiv and aids outline (foreword): hiv and aids is the most threatening disease which everyone on this planet earth is scared to contact the virus, simply because there is no medication found to cure the virus yet.